Promoting this agenda will probably be the main purpose behind the US President Barack Obama's visit to Turkey in about two weeks time.
Israeli srike against Iranian nuclear facilities - Possible strike routes
Risk assessment: The Northern Route
1) Study on a possible Israeli strike on Iran’s nuclear development facilities (March 2009)
2) Iranian Weapons of Mass Destruction: Strategic and warfighting implications of a nuclear armed Iran (January 2009)
3) Meeting the challenge: US policy toward Iranian nuclear development (September 2008)
Study on a possible Israeli strike on Iran’s nuclear development facilities
by Abdullah Toukan, Anthony H.Cordesman and Arleigh A. Burke
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 16 March 2009
A military strike by Israel against Iranian Nuclear Facilities is possible and the optimum route would be along the Syrian-Turkish border then over a small portion of Iraq then into Iran, and back the same route. […]
If the Israeli aircraft do actually fly over Turkey that would constitute a clear Turkish – Israel and even U.S. conspiracy to attack Iran, so the Political risks could be high with Turkey.
Operationally, the risk from Syria would be low, whereas the risk from Turkey could be of medium level if Turkey deems it necessary to react militarily. […]
from the archives:
Iranian Weapons of Mass Destruction: Strategic and warfighting implications of a nuclear armed Iran
by Anthony H. Cordesman, Arleigh A. Burke and Adam C. Seitz
Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 21 January 2009
The shortest flight routes would be around 1,500-1,700 kilometers through Jordan and Iraq, 1,900-2,100 kilometers through Saudi Arabia, and 2,600-2,800 kilometers in a loop through Turkey […] The IAF would have problems in penetrating through Arab air space unless it could stage through Turkey, […]
Israel and Iran’s neighbors do not have the capability to launch more than limited strikes. It might be militarily possible for the United States to carry out effective initial strikes, follow them up with [extended restrikes over time]. […]
This kind of US posture, however, would pose major political challenges in terms of both the willingness of friendly powers like the Gulf States and Turkey to support any phase of such operations, and it is clear that the United States would have major problems in obtaining broad international support. […]
Iran would almost certainly see Jordanian, Turkish, and/or Saudi tolerance of such an IAF strike as a hostile act. […] The countries overflown would be confronted with the need to either react or have limited credibility in claiming surprise. […]
Turkey and Pakistan are strongly enough to deter Iranian conventional and asymmetric attacks, but Iraq, Afghanistan, and the southern Gulf States are not. […]
from the archives:
Meeting the challenge: US policy toward Iranian nuclear development
by Senators Daniel Coats and Charles Robb; Michael Makovsky
Bipartisan Policy Center, September 2008
The objective would be to enable U.S. military as broad access as possible to Iran from all directions. […]
Israeli bombers cannot traverse Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf, and Iraq without detection and, perhaps, engagement.
It is possible that Turkey would allow Israeli fighters to traverse its airspace, but because all of the fighters would need to enter Iran from the same direction, the pilots would be exposed.